Return - Sand Castings

Sand casting is the oldest, most basic, simple, and cheapest method of casting ferrous and non-ferrous materials. In this process, a pattern is made in the shape of the desired part. The pattern can be made of wood, plastic, or metal. Simple sand castings can be made in a single or solid pattern. More complex designs are made in two parts, called split patterns.

The pattern is then packed into sand, mixed with a binder, which helps harden the sand into a semi-permanent shape. Once the mold is cured, the pattern is removed, leaving a hollow space in the sand in the shape of the desired part. The pattern is intentionally made larger then the cast part to allow for shrinkage during cooling. Cores can be inserted into the mold to create holes and improve the casting's net shape.

The pouring temperature of the material should be a few hundred degrees higher than the melting point of the material to assure good fluidity, thereby avoiding premature cooling, which can create voids and porosity.

The sand casting process is the least expensive of all of the castings processes, but it also provides the least dimensional accuracy and a rough surface finish. This process is normally used to obtain only the basic shape of the part, which is less expensive than machining such a shape from bar stock. Sand castings will normally require several additional secondary operations to complete the component. The labor involved in those secondary operations is what makes this process an attractive candidate for off shore sourcing.

sand casting process
sand casting process

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Return - Sand Castings

Aluminum Sand Castings - Ductile Iron Sand Castings - Gray Iron Sand Castings - Stainless Steel Sand Castings - Steel Sand Castings

PROSNA has vast experience in sand castings. PROSNA performs all of the sourcing tasks, including production, secondary machining, finishing, packaging, arranging international shipping, documentation, licensing, currency exchange, and clearance of U.S. Customs. PROSNA is well aware of the necessity for strict adherence to all quality requirements you establish for off shore manufacturers. Contact PROSNA's sourcing staff today to begin saving on your precision components.


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